Violent crimes are heinous. Victims of these crimes are often seriously injured or even killed as a result. Most violent crimes carry stiff penalties in California. Violent crimes are even publicized in the media on a regular basis because of the severity.
Types of Violent Crimes
Several different crimes fall under the category of violent crimes. These crimes include homicides. The crimes that are considered violent are as follows:
Murder– An act of homicide when the perpetrator kills a person or fetus with malicious intent. The penalty for murder can either be a life imprisonment or death. Those convicted of murder are often handed the latter sentence. There are three types of murder:
First Degree Murder: Murder that was premeditated or planned in advance. The penalty for first degree murder can either be a life sentence or the death penalty.
First Degree Murder under special circumstances: A type of murder that occurs in which the victim includes a witness to a crime, a police officer, or multiple murders among other situations. This is otherwise known as “capital murder”.
Second Degree Murder: Defined as murder which does not occur with malicious intent. These regularly occur in a situation known as a “crime of passion”. Second degree murders occur when the perpetrator also commits another crime (such as robbery or burglary). Penalties for Second Degree Murder are less stringent than the first degree, but still carry long-term sentences.
Attempted Murder– The act of attempted murder is an act when the perpetrator intended to kill a person, but said attempt was a failure or aborted.
Manslaughter: A homicidal act in which no premeditation is present. This normally occurs if a perpetrator commits an act of violence that indirectly causes death. There are two types of manslaughter: voluntary and involuntary.
Voluntary Manslaughter: This type of manslaughter occurs when the intent to seriously harm or kill is present. It is difficult to distinguish voluntary manslaughter from second degree murder as it may depend on specific circumstances. A person can be charged for voluntary manslaughter if they are provoked or commits a “crime of passion”.
Involuntary Manslaughter: Manslaughter that is considered criminally negligent is constituted as involuntary. This occurs when the perpetrator commits an act of recklessness that results indirectly results in the death of another person. Vehicular manslaughter is considered to be involuntary as a vehicle was used in a reckless act, resulting in an automobile accident.
Domestic Violence: Domestic violence is a crime that occurs at a person’s residence. Most cases involve a perpetrator’s spouse or significant other. Domestic violence victims are often seriously injured or killed during these events. While a serious crime, wrongful accusations can occur as a way to gain the upper hand in a custody dispute or in the heat of an argument. Those convicted of domestic violence can carry a negative reputation that may affect them when attempting to gain employment. It can also mean being denied to purchase a firearm among other negative situations due to your conviction.
Child Abuse: Any kind of physical or sexual abuse against a child is a serious crime. Child abuse crimes are harshly prosecuted and carry harsh sentences if a person is convicted.
Elder Abuse: Any acts of physical, emotional, or sexual abuse against a person age sixty-five (65) or older is considered elder abuse. Other acts include any type of financial exploitation of an elder.
Kidnapping: Kidnapping is a crime when the perpetrator acts in taking, holding, or detaining of another person by force and moving them to another location against their will. Kidnapping is considered a violent crime. The crime is also considered a “strike” under California’s “Three Strikes Law”. Kidnapping carries serious penalties including a long-term prison sentence.
Hate Crimes: A violent crime that occurs due to a victim’s sexual orientation, race, disability, religion, or gender is constituted as a hate crime. While the issue of equality and freedom are usually debated, hate crimes will likely carry harsh penalties.
Assault and Battery: Assault and Battery are two different crimes. Each are defined as follows:
Assault: An unlawful attempt to commit a violent injury against a person. Injury to a victim does not necessarily need to occur in order for the act to be considered assault.
Battery: A willful, unlawful attempt to use force or violence against another person.
Let RJ Manuelian Handle Your Case
Violent crime cases carry serious penalties. These can include large fines and long-term prison sentences. It is important to have a defense attorney that you can trust if and when you face are accused or questioned for violent crimes. It is imperative not to speak with investigative authorities without seeking legal counsel first in these situations.
RJ Manuelian is an experienced attorney with a deep knowledge and understanding of violent crimes. Your case is worth fighting for with RJ on your side. If you have been accused of a violent crime, contact the Manuelian Law Office at (213)-401-2777.